Birds of Colombia

    APODIFORMES: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)  
Genus: Amazilia (13 species, 31 worldwide)

Amazilia is the largest genus of hummingbirds, which are medium-sized with a medium-sized slightly decurved bill, and plain or slightly forked tails. Amazilia are usually seen outside of the forest.

Blue-chested Hummingbird
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis) Male
Bahia Solano, Choco, Colombia  

Blue-chested Hummingbird
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis) Female
Soberania National Park, Panama  

Female at nest.

White-chested Emerald
White-chested Emerald (Amazilia brevirostris chionopectus)
Trinidad and Tobago
  Note gold back and tail and straight black bill.
Photograph by Dominic Sherony     Copyright and usage info

Not a 'chlorostilbon' emerald hummingbird, which are smaller and greener, but an 'amazilia', a large genus of medium-sized 'ordinary' hummingbirds. The White-chested Emerald has a black bill, and has a gold rump and tail (compared to Plain-bellied Emerald). Male and female similar.

Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia castaneiventris) Endangered ENDEMIC
ProAves Cerulean Warbler Reserve, San Vicente de Chucuri, Santander, Colombia  

Most closely related to the Rufous-tailed Hummingbird. One of several endemic species in a isolated dry Colombian valley.

Indigo-capped Hummingbird
Indigo-capped Hummingbird (Amazilia cyanifrons) ENDEMIC
ProAves Cerulean Warbler Reserve, San Vicente de Chucuri, Santander, Colombia  

Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia edward)
Cerro Azul, Panama  

Glittering-throated Emerald
Glittering-throated Emerald (Amazilia fimbriata fluviatilis) Male
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  

Note vertical white stripe in front. Larger than emerald hummingbirds in genus chlorostilbon. 'Birds of Venezuela' writes 'despite its name, a dull, undistinguished hummingbird'. Female a bit duller.

Andean Emerald
Andean Emerald (Amazilia franciae franciae)
ProAves Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve, Anorí, Antioquia, Colombia  

Purple-chested Hummingbird
Purple-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia rosenbergi) Male
Sabaletas, Valle de Cauca, Colombia
  Note well-defined band vs. more common Blue-chested Hummingbird. Found inside the forest.

Steely-vented Hummingbird
Steely-vented Hummingbird (Amazilia saucerottei)
ProAves Chestnut-capped Piha Reserve, Anorí, Antioquia, Colombia
  Similar to Emerald hummingbirds, but emeralds have a green vent (under-tail), and are usually slightly smaller. Overall green with a bluish tail and greyish vent.

Copper-rumped Hummingbird
Copper-rumped Hummingbird (Amazilia tobaci erythronotos)
Photograph by Feroze Omardeen     Copyright and usage info

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
Hotel Tinamu, Manizales, Colombia  

A common garden species normally easy to identify with the rufous tail and red bill.
From front.
Male in flight.
Active nest.

Versicolored Emerald
Versicolored Emerald (Amazilia versicolor)
Jardin de los Picaflores, Puerto Iguazu, Argentina  

Green-bellied Hummingbird
Green-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia viridigaster)
Monterredondo, Colombia
  The blue-tailed race found in the foothills of Colombia and Venezuela.
Photograph by Manakin Nature Tours - Luis Urueña   © All Rights Reserved.

Also called Copper-tailed Hummingbird because of the tail color of the races in the mountains of Guyana and eastern Venezuela. Only viridigaster in Colombia and west Venezuela has a blue and not copper tail.

© Tom Friedel - All Rights Reserved, except for images and data otherwise noted.       Colombia       Panama       Ecuador       Costa Rica       Mexico
Experimental sites:       Guyana       Peru       Nicaragua       Venezuela
Really Experimental sites:       Brazil       Bolivia       Cuba