Birds of Colombia

    APODIFORMES: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)  
Genus: Lepidopyga (3 species, 3 worldwide)

Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis confinis)
Salamanca National Park, Colombia  

Shining-green Hummingbird
Shining-green Hummingbird (Lepidopyga goudoti goudoti) Male
ProAves Blue-billed Curassow Reserve, Puerto Pinzon, Boyaca, Colombia  

The Shining-green Hummingbird is similar to the Steely-vented Hummingbird, and to the Emeralds. Emeralds have a solid green vent, are smaller, and have a distinctive green color, and a more passive behaviour. The Shining-green may have a green, bronze (subspecies luminosa) or blue (goudoti) central tail feather. If blue, check for green and white in the vent of the Shining-green vs. blue-grey in the Steely-vented. The Shining-green may have a bluish tinge in the chest. Bills of both species may have red on the lower mandible. Although both the Steely-vented Hummingbird and the Shining-green Hummingbird are shiny from the right angle, the Shining-green seems overall shinier from all angles.
Blue tinge to chest feathers is part of species description.
All similar species have forked tails.
Luminosa subspecies has different tail feathers.

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Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird (Lepidopyga lilliae) Critically Endangered ENDEMIC

Now believed by many to be a color mutation of the Sapphire-throated Hummingbird, and not a true species.

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