Birds of Colombia

    APODIFORMES: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)  
Genus: Phaethornis (15 species, 27 worldwide)

Hermits (genus Phaethornis) are mostly brown hummingbirds with a long central tail feather, that stay almost exclusively in the forest understory. Most species only perch at a lek or a nest. Nests are made with a lot of spider webs.

Pale-bellied Hermit
Pale-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis anthophilus anthophilus)
ProAves Blue-billed Curassow Reserve, Puerto Pinzon, Boyaca, Colombia
  Thinner than the Long-billed Hermit, and with a speckled throat.

Black-throated Hermit
Black-throated Hermit (Phaethornis atrimentalis)
Yarina Lodge, Ecuador  

Sooty-capped Hermit
Sooty-capped Hermit (Phaethornis augusti)
La Azulita, Venezuela  

Straight-billed Hermit
Straight-billed Hermit (Phaethornis bourcieri bourcieri)
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia
  Note pale belly and long straight bill.

Grey-chinned Hermit
Grey-chinned Hermit (Phaethornis griseogularis griseogularis)
Wildsumaco Lodge, Sumaco, Ecuador  
Photograph by Peter Hawrylyshyn   © All Rights Reserved.

Green Hermit
Green Hermit (Phaethornis guy coruscus)
Monteverde, Costa Rica  

A relatively large hermit, with distinctive coloration. A bit more likely to leave the forest than most hermits.

White-bearded Hermit
White-bearded Hermit (Phaethornis hispidus)
Puerto Maldonado, Peru  

Feeding at flowers.

Long-billed Hermit
Long-billed Hermit (Phaethornis longirostris cephalus)
Soberania National Park, Panama  

Long-billed Hermit
Long-billed Hermit (Phaethornis longirostris cephalus)
Soberania National Park, Panama  

A large hummingbird with a long central tail feather.

Great-billed Hermit
Great-billed Hermit (Phaethornis malaris malaris)
French Guiana  
Photograph by Michel GIRAUD-AUDINE   © All Rights Reserved.

A large hermit, the Amazon version of Long-billed Hermit, with no overlap. Also similar to Long-tailed Hermit but that species has a 'gular stripe' from chin to neck (HBW).

Reddish Hermit
Reddish Hermit (Phaethornis ruber)
Manu National Park, Peru  
Photograph by Joao Quental     Copyright and usage info

Nest with egg. Not a hanging nest as some hermits make.

Streak-throated Hermit
Streak-throated Hermit (Phaethornis rupurumii amazonicus)
Anavilhanas Islands, Novo Airão, Amazonas, Brazil  
Photograph by Hector Bottai     Copyright and usage info

Stripe-throated Hermit
Stripe-throated Hermit (Phaethornis striigularis saturatus)
Soberania National Park, Panama  

A small hermit found low in shadowy areas, and not easy to see well.

Long-tailed Hermit
Long-tailed Hermit (Phaethornis superciliosus superciliosus)
French Guiana  
Photograph by Michel GIRAUD-AUDINE   © All Rights Reserved.

Note 'gular stripe' (from chin to neck) and ochraceous bands on uppertail coverts (rump) when comparing to very similar Great-billed Hermit (HBW).

Tawny-bellied Hermit
Tawny-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis syrmatophorus syrmatophorus)
Mindo, Ecuador  
Photograph by Nigel Voaden   © All Rights Reserved.

Common at mid altitudes, but almost never seen perched.
Weak flight shot.

White-whiskered Hermit
White-whiskered Hermit (Phaethornis yaruqui)
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Los Bancos, Ecuador  

Greener than most hermits in this genus, but smaller than the Green Hermit (and with white whiskers).

© Tom Friedel - All Rights Reserved, except for images and data otherwise noted.       Colombia       Panama       Ecuador       Costa Rica       Mexico
Experimental sites:       Guyana       Peru       Nicaragua       Venezuela
Really Experimental sites:       Brazil       Bolivia       Cuba