Birds of Colombia

    APODIFORMES: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)  
Genus: Amazilia (13 species, 31 worldwide)

Amazilia is the largest genus of hummingbirds, which are medium-sized with a medium-sized slightly decurved bill, and plain or slightly forked tails. Amazilia are usually seen outside of the forest.


Blue-chested Hummingbird
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis)
ProAves Blue-billed Curassow Reserve, Puerto Pinzon, Boyaca, Colombia
  Note rufous back of tail on both sexes.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Blue-chested Hummingbird
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis) Male
Bahia Solano, Choco, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Female at nest.
Probable female from front.

White-chested Emerald
White-chested Emerald (Amazilia brevirostris chionopectus)
Trinidad and Tobago
  Note gold back and tail and straight black bill.
   
Photograph by Dominic Sherony     Copyright and usage info

White-chested Emerald
White-chested Emerald (Amazilia brevirostris orienticola)
French Guiana  
   
Photograph by Michel GIRAUD-AUDINE   © All Rights Reserved.

Not a 'chlorostilbon' emerald hummingbird, which are smaller and greener, but an 'amazilia', a large genus of medium-sized 'ordinary' hummingbirds. The White-chested Emerald has a black bill, and has a gold rump and tail (compared to [Plain-bellied Emerald]). Male and female similar.

Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia castaneiventris) Near Threatened ENDEMIC
ProAves Cerulean Warbler Reserve, San Vicente de Chucuri, Santander, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Most closely related to the [Rufous-tailed Hummingbird]. One of several endemic species in a isolated dry Colombian valley.

Indigo-capped Hummingbird
Indigo-capped Hummingbird (Amazilia cyanifrons) ENDEMIC
ProAves Cerulean Warbler Reserve, San Vicente de Chucuri, Santander, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia edward)
Cerro Azul, Panama  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Glittering-throated Emerald
Glittering-throated Emerald (Amazilia fimbriata fluviatilis) Male
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Note vertical white stripe in front. Larger than emerald hummingbirds in genus chlorostilbon. 'Birds of Venezuela' writes 'despite its name, a dull, undistinguished hummingbird'. Female a bit duller.

Andean Emerald
Andean Emerald (Amazilia franciae franciae)
ProAves Tangaras Reserve, El Carmen de Atrato, Choco, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Purple-chested Hummingbird
Purple-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia rosenbergi) Male
Sabaletas, Valle de Cauca, Colombia
  Note well-defined band vs. more common [Blue-chested Hummingbird]. Found inside the forest.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Steely-vented Hummingbird
Steely-vented Hummingbird (Amazilia saucerottei)
ProAves Tangaras Reserve, El Carmen de Atrato, Choco, Colombia
  Note vent (undertail) pattern.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

And Andean hummingbird, overall green with a bluish tail and greyish patterned vent. Similar to Emerald hummingbirds, but emeralds have a green vent (under-tail), and are usually slightly smaller.
In flight.

Copper-rumped Hummingbird
Copper-rumped Hummingbird (Amazilia tobaci erythronotos)
Trinidad  
   
Photograph by Feroze Omardeen     Copyright and usage info


Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
Cauca Valley, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
Hotel Tinamu, Manizales, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A common garden species normally easy to identify with the rufous tail and red bill.
From front.
Male in flight.
Active nest.

Versicolored Emerald
Versicolored Emerald (Amazilia versicolor)
Jardin de los Picaflores, Puerto Iguazu, Argentina  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Green-bellied Hummingbird
Green-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia viridigaster)
Monterredondo, Colombia
  The blue-tailed race found in the foothills of Colombia and Venezuela.
   
Photograph by Manakin Nature Tours - Luis Urueña   © All Rights Reserved.

Also called Copper-tailed Hummingbird because of the tail color of the races in the mountains of Guyana and eastern Venezuela. Only viridigaster in Colombia and west Venezuela has a blue and not copper tail.


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