Birds of Colombia

    APODIFORMES: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)  
Genus: Amazilia (13 species, 31 worldwide)

Amazilia is the largest genus of hummingbirds, which are medium-sized with a medium-sized slightly decurved bill, and plain or slightly forked tails. Amazilia are usually seen outside of the forest.


Blue-chested Hummingbird
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis)
ProAves Blue-billed Curassow Reserve, Puerto Pinzon, Boyaca, Colombia
  Note rufous back of tail on both sexes.
   

Blue-chested Hummingbird
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis) Male
Bahia Solano, Choco, Colombia  
   

Female at nest.
Probable female from front.

White-chested Emerald
White-chested Emerald (Amazilia brevirostris chionopectus)
Trinidad and Tobago
  Note gold back and tail and straight black bill.
   
Photograph by Dominic Sherony     Copyright and usage info

Not a 'chlorostilbon' emerald hummingbird, which are smaller and greener, but an 'amazilia', a large genus of medium-sized 'ordinary' hummingbirds. The White-chested Emerald has a black bill, and has a gold rump and tail (compared to [Plain-bellied Emerald]). Male and female similar.

Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia castaneiventris) Endangered ENDEMIC
ProAves Cerulean Warbler Reserve, San Vicente de Chucuri, Santander, Colombia  
   

Most closely related to the [Rufous-tailed Hummingbird]. One of several {endemic} species in a isolated dry Colombian valley.

Indigo-capped Hummingbird
Indigo-capped Hummingbird (Amazilia cyanifrons) ENDEMIC
ProAves Cerulean Warbler Reserve, San Vicente de Chucuri, Santander, Colombia  
   


Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia edward)
Cerro Azul, Panama  
   


Glittering-throated Emerald
Glittering-throated Emerald (Amazilia fimbriata fluviatilis) Male
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  
   

Note vertical white stripe in front. Larger than emerald hummingbirds in genus chlorostilbon. 'Birds of Venezuela' writes 'despite its name, a dull, undistinguished hummingbird'. Female a bit duller.

Andean Emerald
Andean Emerald (Amazilia franciae franciae)
ProAves Tangaras Reserve, El Carmen de Atrato, Choco, Colombia  
   


Purple-chested Hummingbird
Purple-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia rosenbergi) Male
Sabaletas, Valle de Cauca, Colombia
  Note well-defined band vs. more common [Blue-chested Hummingbird]. Found inside the forest.
   


Steely-vented Hummingbird
Steely-vented Hummingbird (Amazilia saucerottei)
ProAves Tangaras Reserve, El Carmen de Atrato, Choco, Colombia
  Note vent (undertail) pattern.
   

And Andean hummingbird, overall green with a bluish tail and greyish patterned vent. Similar to Emerald hummingbirds, but emeralds have a green vent (under-tail), and are usually slightly smaller.
In flight.

Copper-rumped Hummingbird
Copper-rumped Hummingbird (Amazilia tobaci erythronotos)
Trinidad  
   
Photograph by Feroze Omardeen     Copyright and usage info


Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
Cauca Valley, Colombia  
   

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
Hotel Tinamu, Manizales, Colombia  
   

A common garden species normally easy to identify with the {rufous} tail and red bill.
From front.
Male in flight.
Active nest.

Versicolored Emerald
Versicolored Emerald (Amazilia versicolor)
Jardin de los Picaflores, Puerto Iguazu, Argentina  
   


Green-bellied Hummingbird
Green-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia viridigaster)
Monterredondo, Colombia
  The blue-tailed race found in the foothills of Colombia and Venezuela.
   
Photograph by Manakin Nature Tours - Luis Urueña   © All Rights Reserved.

Also called Copper-tailed Hummingbird because of the tail color of the races in the mountains of Guyana and eastern Venezuela. Only viridigaster in Colombia and west Venezuela has a blue and not copper tail.


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