Birds of Colombia

    CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)  
Genus: Chordeiles (6 species, 6 worldwide)


Lesser Nighthawk
Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis) Male
Salamanca National Park, Colombia
  Note white band on wing of male.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Lesser Nighthawk
Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis acutipennis) Female
Salamanca National Park, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A migratory species but with a shorter path than the similar but slightly larger [Common Nighthawk]. White patch below wing usually visible. Thin white band on wing seen during flight is closer to tip of wing than on [Common Nighthawk]. Male has a white partial collar around neck in front.

Antillean Nighthawk
Antillean Nighthawk (Chordeiles gundlachii) Male
Dominican Republic  
   
Photograph by Carlos Gomez   © All Rights Reserved.

A Caribbean species slightly smaller than the [Common Nighthawk] but otherwise almost identical, and must be identified by voice. May have buffy underparts compared to [Common Nighthawk] (HBW).


Common Nighthawk
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Common Nighthawk
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA
  Note wings extend about as far as tail.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Common Nighthawk
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) Male
Georgia, United States  
   
Photograph by Tony Dawe   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. Compare to [Lesser Nighthawk]. White band on wing seen during flight is thinner than on Common [Pauraque], and further from tip than on [Lesser Nighthawk]. Note white throat on male is often hidden.
Additional photo.

Nacunda Nighthawk
Nacunda Nighthawk (Chordeiles nacunda nacunda)
Brazil
  Standing on feet a characteristic behaviour of this species.
   
Photograph by Andreas Trepte     Copyright and usage info

Nacunda Nighthawk
Nacunda Nighthawk (Chordeiles nacunda)
Brazil  
   
Photograph by Rodrigo Conte   © All Rights Reserved.

The largest nighthawk in the Americas is sometimes active during the day.

Least Nighthawk
Least Nighthawk (Chordeiles pusillus)
Brasilia, Brazil  
   
Photograph by Rodrigo Conte   © All Rights Reserved.

The smallest species in the order Caprimulgiformes, at 16 centimeters. Note white throat and white band on tail (male).
At night, showing whites.

Sand-colored Nighthawk
Sand-colored Nighthawk (Chordeiles rupestris)
Ecuador  
   
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.

Sand-colored Nighthawk
Sand-colored Nighthawk (Chordeiles rupestris rupestris)
Peru  
   
Photograph by David Ascanio - www.abtbirds.com   © All Rights Reserved.

Sand-colored Nighthawk
Sand-colored Nighthawk (Chordeiles rupestris rupestris)
Puerto Asis, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Seen during day in large groups along major rivers resting on rocks, driftwood, or trees. Note black outer wing feathers compared to larger [Nacunda Nighthawk] which has a white band that reaches the edge.


© Tom Friedel - All Rights Reserved, except for images and data otherwise noted.       Colombia       Panama       Ecuador       Costa Rica       Mexico
Experimental sites:       Peru       Venezuela       The World       Brazil       Bolivia
Really Experimental sites:       Guyana       Nicaragua       Cuba