Birds of Colombia

    APODIFORMES: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)  
Genus: Chrysuronia (8 species, 9 worldwide)


White-chested Emerald
White-chested Emerald (Chrysuronia brevirostris chionopectus)
Trinidad and Tobago
  Note gold back and tail and straight black bill.
   
Photograph by Dominic Sherony     Copyright and usage info

White-chested Emerald
White-chested Emerald (Chrysuronia brevirostris orienticola)
French Guiana  
   
Photograph by Michel GIRAUD-AUDINE   © All Rights Reserved.

Not a 'chlorostilbon' emerald hummingbird, which are smaller and greener, but an 'amazilia', a large genus of medium-sized 'ordinary' hummingbirds. The White-chested Emerald has a black bill, and has a gold rump and tail (compared to Plain-bellied Emerald). Male and female similar.

Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Chrysuronia coeruleogularis coelina) Male
Ciudad Neilly, Costa Rica  
   
Photograph by Jorge Obando Gutierrez   © Copyrighted, All Rights Reserved.

Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Chrysuronia coeruleogularis) Female
Panama  
   
Photograph by Peter Hawrylyshyn   © All Rights Reserved.



Shining-green Hummingbird
Shining-green Hummingbird (Chrysuronia goudoti goudoti) Male
ProAves Blue-billed Curassow Reserve, Puerto Pinzon, Boyaca, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Shining-green Hummingbird
Shining-green Hummingbird (Chrysuronia goudoti goudoti) Female
Huila, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Note red lower mandible and vent with green scales with white borders. The male Shining-green Hummingbird is similar to the Steely-vented Hummingbird, and to the Emeralds, especially the Red-billed Emerald. Emeralds have a solid green vent, are smaller, and have a distinctive green color, and a more passive behaviour. The Shining-green may have a green, bronze (subspecies luminosa) or blue (goudoti) central tail feather. The Shining-green may have more of a bluish tinge in the chest than similar species. Although both the Steely-vented Hummingbird and the Shining-green Hummingbird are shiny from the right angle, the Shining-green seems overall shinier from all angles.

The female Shining-green has a white belly and patchy chest, and for some reason is rarely seen.
Luminosa subspecies has bronzy central tail feathers.
All similar species have forked tails.
Blue tinge to chest feathers is part of species description.


Blue-headed Sapphire
Blue-headed Sapphire (Chrysuronia grayi) Male
Finca Alejandria, Cali, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Found in the dry areas below the cloud forest specially near cacti, but may pop into the cloud forest to visit a feeder. Female very ordinary with some red on bill and no blue head.


Humboldt's Sapphire
Humboldt's Sapphire (Chrysuronia humboldtii) Male
Bahia Solano, Choco, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Rare and local along Pacific coast.. Seen at mangrove flowers when they are in bloom, and otherwise in fields and forest edges.
Additional photo.

Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird (Chrysuronia lilliae) Critically Endangered ENDEMIC
Salamanca National Park, Colombia
  Note blue belly compared to green on the more widespread Sapphire-throated Hummingbird.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Now believed by many to be a color mutation of the Sapphire-throated Hummingbird, and not a true species.

Golden-tailed Sapphire
Golden-tailed Sapphire (Chrysuronia oenone oenone) Male
Wildsumaco Lodge, Sumaco, Ecuador
  Golden-tailed Sapphires northward of north Peru have a blue head.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Golden-tailed Sapphire
Golden-tailed Sapphire (Chrysuronia oenone) Female
Wildsumaco Lodge, Sumaco, Ecuador  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Versicolored Emerald
Versicolored Emerald (Chrysuronia versicolor)
Jardin de los Picaflores, Puerto Iguazu, Argentina  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.



© Tom Friedel - All Rights Reserved, except for images and data otherwise noted.       Colombia       Panama       Ecuador       Costa Rica       Mexico
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Really Experimental sites:       Guyana       Cuba