Birds of Colombia

    PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers, Calyptura)  
Genus: Elaenia (14 species, 21 worldwide)

White-crested Elaenia
White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps griseigularis)
south, Ecuador  
Photograph by Peter Hawrylyshyn   © All Rights Reserved.

No Image
Coopmans's Elaenia (Elaenia brachyptera)

Lesser Elaenia
Lesser Elaenia (Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex)
French Guiana  
Photograph by Michel GIRAUD-AUDINE   © All Rights Reserved.

Lesser Elaenia
Lesser Elaenia (Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex)
Altiplano Leste, Brasilia, Brazil  
Photograph by Rodrigo Conte   © All Rights Reserved.

Very similar to the [Yellow-bellied Elaenia], but a bit smaller, a bit less yellow, and less crested. Vocal differences of course.

Plain-crested Elaenia
Plain-crested Elaenia (Elaenia cristata)
Santana do Riacho, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  Note dark triangular crest and savanna habitat.
Photograph by João Sérgio Barros F. de Souza   © All Rights Reserved.

Yellow-bellied Elaenia
Yellow-bellied Elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster flavogaster)
Copacabana, Antioquia, Colombia
  Although this individual is less yellow than others, it has a larger crest than would a Lesser Eleania.

Mountain Elaenia
Mountain Elaenia (Elaenia frantzii pudica)
San Sebastian Reserve, Envigado, Antioquia, Colombia
  Note lack of crest.

Found from 1500 to 3200 meters, and sometimes common.

Mottle-backed Elaenia
Mottle-backed Elaenia (Elaenia gigas)
Cabañas Yankuam, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador  
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.

Double-crest makes it easy to identify.

Caribbean Elaenia
Caribbean Elaenia (Elaenia martinica cinerescens)
Botanical Gardens, Isla San Andres, Colombia
  Found on Isla San Andres, often around fruit.

Sierran Elaenia
Sierran Elaenia (Elaenia pallatangae pallatangae)
Sibundoy, Colombia  

View of crest.

Small-billed Elaenia
Small-billed Elaenia (Elaenia parvirostris)
Lagunas de Yala, Yala, Argentina  

Brownish Elaenia
Brownish Elaenia (Elaenia pelzelni)
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  

Note red bill with black tip, prominent eye-ring, and lack of visible crest. Found in semi-open areas along the big Amazon rivers.

Rufous-crowned Elaenia
Rufous-crowned Elaenia (Elaenia ruficeps)
Inírida, Guainía, Colombia
  Specialist in dry sandy scrub.

Found in dry {scrub}, outside of true forest, in the sand belt part of the Amazon.

Large Elaenia
Large Elaenia (Elaenia spectabilis)
Brotas, Sao Paulo, Brazil  
Photograph by Carlos Henrique Luz Nunes de Almeida     Copyright and usage info

Slaty Elaenia
Slaty Elaenia (Elaenia strepera)
Rio Sosa, Tucumán, Argentina  
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.

A species from Argentina and Bolivia that can migrate all the way to Venezuela.

© Tom Friedel - All Rights Reserved, except for images and data otherwise noted.       Colombia       Panama       Ecuador       Costa Rica       Mexico
Experimental sites:       Guyana       Peru       Nicaragua       Venezuela
Really Experimental sites:       Brazil       Bolivia       Cuba