Birds of Colombia

    PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae (New World Warblers)  
Genus: Setophaga (19 species, 37 worldwide)

Genus Setophaga, the largest genus in New World Warbler, are typical migratory songbirds around 13 cm. in length. Most have specific adaptions in what or how they feed, although most primarily eat insects. Many have very specific migration routes. Males are usually more brightly colored than females.


American Yellow Warbler
American Yellow Warbler (Setophaga aestiva) Male
Prince Edward Point National Wildlife Area, Ontario, Canada  
   
Photograph by Mdf (Wikipedia)     Copyright and usage info

American Yellow Warbler
American Yellow Warbler (Setophaga aestiva) Female
Puerto Boyaca, Colombia
  Male in breeding plumage has reddish vertical streaks on chest.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant.

Northern Parula
Northern Parula (Setophaga americana)
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant.
Immature.

Black-throated Blue Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga caerulescens) Male
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Black-throated Blue Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga caerulescens) Female
Flamingo Gardens, Davie, Florida, USA
  The female has a square white mark on the wing like the male, which is not seen well in this photo.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant.
A female eating a fig for energy during migration.

Bay-breasted Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea) Male
Rondeau Provincial Park, Ontario, Canada  
   
Photograph by Mdf (Wikipedia)     Copyright and usage info

Bay-breasted Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea) Female
Costa Rica
  A bit similar to an immature [Blackpoll Warbler], but the red on crown confirms id. The Bay-breasted female is also more yellow, less olive. And only young Blackpolls have grey/black legs.
   
Photograph by Jorge Obando Gutierrez   © Copyrighted, All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant.

Cerulean Warbler
Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea) Near Threatened
Rondeau Provincial Park, Ontario, Canada  
   
Photograph by Mdf (Wikipedia)     Copyright and usage info

Cerulean Warbler
Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea) Immature Near Threatened
Huila, Colombia
  Immature. Note female is similar but has a faded blue color instead of brown.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. Rare and local

Hooded Warbler
Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina) Male
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Hooded Warbler
Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina) Female
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. Uncommon.

Myrtle Warbler
Myrtle Warbler (Setophaga coronata)
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. Myrtle Warbler is the east coast (North America) version of the Yellow-rumped Warbler. On the west coast it has a yellow throat and is called [Audubon's Warbler].. In Colombia found on Isla San Andrés.

Prairie Warbler
Prairie Warbler (Setophaga discolor discolor) Male
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Yellow-throated Warbler
Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica) Rare/Accidental
Rand Nature Center, Grand Bahama Island, Bahamas  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Latest DNA analysis says closest relative is [Myrtle Warbler] (HBW). Migrates south from southeast USA to Central America (Isla San Andres in Colombia).

Blackburnian Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca)
ProAves Cerulean Warbler Reserve, San Vicente de Chucuri, Santander, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Blackburnian Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca) Immature
ProAves Tangaras Reserve, El Carmen de Atrato, Choco, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. Seen in the Andes in large numbers up to 3200 meters. Male in breeding plumage have bright orange colors, while non-breeding females are very pale.

Magnolia Warbler
Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia) Male Rare/Accidental
Maggie Marsh, Ohio, United States  
   
Photograph by Melanie C. Underwood     Copyright and usage info

Magnolia Warbler
Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia) Female/Immature Rare/Accidental
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant.

Palm Warbler
Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum hypochrysea)
Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States
  A yellow Palm Warbler in breeding plumage (subspecies hypochrysea, one of two).
   
Photograph by Kelly Colgan Azar     Copyright and usage info

Palm Warbler
Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum palmarum)
Green Cay Nature Center, Delray Beach, Florida, USA
  The non-yellow subspecies (subspecies palmarum).
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. Seen in small fgroups close to the ground.

Chestnut-sided Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica) Male
Rondeau Provincial Park, Ontario, Canada
  The male has a yellower head than back, and more red on the side.
   
Photograph by Mdf (Wikipedia)     Copyright and usage info

Chestnut-sided Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica) Female
Canopy San Luis, San Ramon, Costa Rica  
   
Photograph by Jorge Obando Gutierrez   © Copyrighted, All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant.

Mangrove Warbler
Mangrove Warbler (Setophaga petechia erithachorides) Male
Tarcoles, Puntarenas, Costa Rica  
   
Photograph by Jorge Obando Gutierrez   © Copyrighted, All Rights Reserved.

Mangrove Warbler
Mangrove Warbler (Setophaga petechia peruviana) Male
Manglares de Vice, Piura, Peru
  Peruviana race from southwest Ecuador to northwest Peru.
   
Photograph by Fernando Angulo Pratolongo   © All Rights Reserved.

Mangrove Warbler
Mangrove Warbler (Setophaga petechia flavida) Male
Isla San Andres, Colombia
  Some races, including this one, are sometimes called the Golden Warbler. In other races, called the Mangrove Warbler, the male has a red hood.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Mangrove Warbler
Mangrove Warbler (Setophaga petechia flavida) Female
Isla San Andres, Colombia
  There are many races of Mangrove Warbler, and unlike the Yellow Warbler, the female may not be yellow.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A non-migratory version of the Yellow Warbler with many subspecies. Often found in mangroves.

Tropical Parula
Tropical Parula (Setophaga pitiayumi pacifica)
Queremal, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Non-migratory. A small warbler found in all of the tropics, but often not common. Note green on back.

American Redstart
American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) Male
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

American Redstart
American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) Immature Male
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. Often spreads tail feathers.
Female with tail open.

Blackpoll Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler (Setophaga striata) Male Near Threatened
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Blackpoll Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler (Setophaga striata) Female Near Threatened
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA
  Blackpoll Warblers always have yellow legs, except for immatures which always have yellow on the soles.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. Orange legs distinctive. Immature looks much like an immature or female [Bay-breasted Warbler] before it shows 'bay' color.

Cape May Warbler
Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina) Male
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Cape May Warbler
Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina) Female
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Northern migrant. An agressive little warbler that chases other species away from territory.

Black-throated Green Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler (Setophaga virens) Male
Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida, USA  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Black-throated Green Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler (Setophaga virens) Female/Immature
Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States  
   
Photograph by Kelly Colgan Azar     Copyright and usage info

Northern migrant.


© Tom Friedel - All Rights Reserved, except for images and data otherwise noted.       Colombia       Panama       Ecuador       Costa Rica       Mexico
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