Birds of Colombia

    PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae (Thrushes)  
Genus: Turdus (18 species, 84 worldwide)

Genus Turdus, typical thrushes, includes medium to large species found worldwide including the American Robin and European (Common) Blackbird. Turdus thrushes have a consistent shape, and generally stay close to the ground looking for worms and other insects.


White-necked Thrush
White-necked Thrush (Turdus albicollis spodiolaemus)
Wildsumaco Lodge, Sumaco, Ecuador  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Heard more often than seen in mature tropical forests.

No Image
Campina Thrush (Turdus arthuri)
   


Split from the [Black-billed Thrush] based on vocal and DNA differences. Note 'campina' or white-sand forest habitat. The species is also found locally in northwest Brazil away from varzea where the virtually identical [Black-billed Thrush] 'debilis' race is found.

Dagua Thrush
Dagua Thrush (Turdus daguae)
Río Canandé reserve, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.  
   
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.

Split from the [White-throated Thrush], and is browner with a short black bill (Athanas).

Yellow-legged Thrush
Yellow-legged Thrush (Turdus flavipes)
Serra dos Órgãos, Brazil  
   
Photograph by João Sérgio Barros F. de Souza   © All Rights Reserved.

Note darker head and neck than body on male. Female is brown, darker on back.

Chestnut-bellied Thrush
Chestnut-bellied Thrush (Turdus fulviventris)
Huila, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Cocoa Thrush
Cocoa Thrush (Turdus fumigatus aquilonalis)
Trinidad  
   
Photograph by Feroze Omardeen     Copyright and usage info


Great Thrush
Great Thrush (Turdus fuscater quindio) Male
San Sebastian Reserve, Envigado, Antioquia, Colombia
  The male has an orange eye-ring.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Great Thrush
Great Thrush (Turdus fuscater clarus) Female
Perijá Mountains, Cesar, Colombia
  A light colored race from north Colombia and Venezeula.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A large pigeon-sized Thrush that is often very common. Colors range from creamy brown to dark grey-black across its large range.

Clay-colored Thrush
Clay-colored Thrush (Turdus grayi)
Arenal, Costa Rica  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

National bird of Costa Rica. Note red eye, pale-colored bill, and uniform brown color.

Hauxwell's Thrush
Hauxwell's Thrush (Turdus hauxwelli)
Manu, Madre de Dios, Peru  
   
Photograph by Joao Quental     Copyright and usage info



Black-billed Thrush
Black-billed Thrush (Turdus ignobilis debilis)
Mocoa, Putumayo, Colombia
  'Debilis' Amazon lowland race. Note white throat, vent and streaks on chest.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Black-billed Thrush
Black-billed Thrush (Turdus ignobilis goodfellowi)
Tatama National Park, Pueblo Rico, Risaralda, Colombia
  Andean goodfellowi/ignobilis race. Note lack of white throat seen in lowland races.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A large thrush that is found in lowlands, except for two races in the Colombian/Venezuelan Andes. In Colombia, the Andean race is common inside cities. The lowland race 'debilis' is a different species and called the Floodplain Thrush by HBW.
Black-billed Thrushes use a lot of mud in their nests.

Lawrence's Thrush
Lawrence's Thrush (Turdus lawrencii)
Sani Lodge, Ecuador  
   
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.

Known to mimic other birds and animals (Athanas).

Pale-breasted Thrush
Pale-breasted Thrush (Turdus leucomelas albiventer)
Rio Claro Canyon Reserve, Antioquia, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Widespread. A generic thrush with an unusual jay-like call for a thrush.

Pale-eyed Thrush
Pale-eyed Thrush (Turdus leucops)
Pantiacolla Ridge, Madre de Dios, Peru  
   
Photograph by Graham Montgomery   © All Rights Reserved.

A very shy thrush found at over 1200m.

Spectacled Thrush
Spectacled Thrush (Turdus nudigenis)
Botanical Gardens, Caracas, Venezuela  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Pale-vented Thrush
Pale-vented Thrush (Turdus obsoletus parambanus)
Buenaventura, El Oro province, Ecuador
  A very plain-looking thrush.
   
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.

From front.

Black-hooded Thrush
Black-hooded Thrush (Turdus olivater)
Colombia  
   
Photograph by Terry S. Baltimore   © All Rights Reserved.


Varzea Thrush
Varzea Thrush (Turdus sanchezorum)
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Split from [Hauxwell's Thrush]. Found in varzea forest.
Nest with three eggs.

Glossy-black Thrush
Glossy-black Thrush (Turdus serranus fuscobrunneus)
Cali, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

May appear very similar to [Great Thrush], but is smaller. Look also for the back and belly being exactly the same shade of dark glossy black.


© Tom Friedel - All Rights Reserved, except for images and data otherwise noted.       Colombia       Panama       Ecuador       Costa Rica       Mexico
Experimental sites:       Peru       Venezuela       The World       Brazil       Bolivia
Really Experimental sites:       Guyana       Nicaragua       Cuba