Birds of Colombia

    PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae (Thrushes)  
Genus: Turdus (18 species, 84 worldwide)

Genus Turdus, typical thrushes, includes medium to large species found worldwide including the American Robin and European (Common) Blackbird. Turdus thrushes have a consistent shape, and generally stay close to the ground looking for worms and other insects.


White-necked Thrush
White-necked Thrush (Turdus albicollis spodiolaemus)
Wildsumaco Lodge, Sumaco, Ecuador  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Heard more often than seen in mature tropical forests.

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Campina Thrush (Turdus arthuri)
   


Split from the [Black-billed Thrush] based on vocal and DNA differences. Note 'campina' or white-sand forest habitat. The species is also found locally in northwest Brazil away from varzea where the virtually identical [Black-billed Thrush] 'debilis' race is found.

Dagua Thrush
Dagua Thrush (Turdus daguae)
Río Canandé reserve, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.  
   
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.

Split from the [White-throated Thrush]

Yellow-legged Thrush
Yellow-legged Thrush (Turdus flavipes)
Serra dos Órgãos, Brazil  
   
Photograph by João Sérgio Barros F. de Souza   © All Rights Reserved.

Note darker head and neck than body on male. Female is brown, darker on back.

Chestnut-bellied Thrush
Chestnut-bellied Thrush (Turdus fulviventris)
Huila, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Cocoa Thrush
Cocoa Thrush (Turdus fumigatus aquilonalis)
Asa Wright Nature Center, Trinidad  
   
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.


Great Thrush
Great Thrush (Turdus fuscater quindio) Male
San Sebastian Reserve, Envigado, Antioquia, Colombia
  The male has an orange eye-ring.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Great Thrush
Great Thrush (Turdus fuscater clarus) Female
Perijá Mountains, Cesar, Colombia
  A light colored race from north Colombia and Venezeula.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A large pigeon-sized Thrush that is often very common. Colors range from creamy brown to dark grey-black across its large range.

Clay-colored Thrush
Clay-colored Thrush (Turdus grayi)
Arenal, Costa Rica  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

National bird of Costa Rica. Note red eye, pale-colored bill, and uniform brown color.

Hauxwell's Thrush
Hauxwell's Thrush (Turdus hauxwelli)
Manu, Madre de Dios, Peru  
   
Photograph by Joao Quental     Copyright and usage info



Black-billed Thrush
Black-billed Thrush (Turdus ignobilis debilis)
Mocoa, Putumayo, Colombia
  'Debilis' Amazon lowland race. Note white throat, vent and streaks on chest.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Black-billed Thrush
Black-billed Thrush (Turdus ignobilis goodfellowi)
Tatama National Park, Pueblo Rico, Risaralda, Colombia
  Andean goodfellowi/ignobilis race, which is grouped by HBW with murinus, the Tepui race. Note lack of white throat seen in lowland races.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

A large thrush that is found in lowlands, except for two races in the Colombian/Venezuelan Andes. In Colombia, the Andean race is common inside cities. The lowland race 'debilis' is a different species and called the Floodplain Thrush by HBW.
Black-billed Thrushes use a lot of mud in their nests.

Lawrence's Thrush
Lawrence's Thrush (Turdus lawrencii)
Sani Lodge, Ecuador
  Known to mimic other birds and animals (Athanas).
   
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.


Pale-breasted Thrush
Pale-breasted Thrush (Turdus leucomelas albiventer)
Rio Claro Canyon Reserve, Antioquia, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Widespread. A generic thrush with an unusual jay-like call for a thrush.

Pale-eyed Thrush
Pale-eyed Thrush (Turdus leucops)
Pantiacolla Ridge, Madre de Dios, Peru  
   
Photograph by Graham Montgomery   © All Rights Reserved.


Spectacled Thrush
Spectacled Thrush (Turdus nudigenis)
Botanical Gardens, Caracas, Venezuela  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.


Pale-vented Thrush
Pale-vented Thrush (Turdus obsoletus parambanus)
Buenaventura, El Oro province, Ecuador
  A very plain-looking thrush.
   
Photograph by Tropical Birding (Nick Athanas)   © All Rights Reserved.

From front.

Black-hooded Thrush
Black-hooded Thrush (Turdus olivater)
Colombia  
   
Photograph by Terry S. Baltimore   © All Rights Reserved.


Varzea Thrush
Varzea Thrush (Turdus sanchezorum)
Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia  
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.

Split from [Hauxwell's Thrush]. Found in varzea forest.
Nest with three eggs.

Glossy-black Thrush
Glossy-black Thrush (Turdus serranus fuscobrunneus)
Cali, Colombia
  May appear very similar to [Great Thrush]. The Glossy-black Thrush is smaller, and look for the back and belly being exactly the same shade of glossy black.
   
Photograph by Tom Friedel   © All Rights Reserved.



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